This page shows the details of the selected tool including a description of the tool and its various attributes.
Details for «Surveys»
Surveys enable the measurement of attitudes or characteristics of a group through the use of a structured questionnaire applied to a representative sample of the population. Questionnaires may include open-ended questions allowing respondents to offer their own views.
One advantage is that they can reach large numbers of people. Another benefit is if the same questions are retained, they can be used for longitudinal studies (e.g., monitoring change over time).
However a potential weakness is that the survey may not be representative or comprehensive. Questions need to be somewhat simple and straightforward, as a result, the information gathered can be simplistic and superficial. Survey results are often not comparable. The effectiveness of surveys are also affected by the rates of response. Fundamental decisions have to be made before the survey begins and cannot be changed once the survey has been implemented.
|Phase of decision making
|Phase not specified
|Number of Stakeholders Involved
|Frequency of meetings
|One time event (many iterations)
|Level of decision-making
|Level not specified
|Combination of Stakeholders
|Implementer of the tool
|The tool supports the following objectives
|Equality of access
OECD. (2001). Citizens as Partners: Information, Consultation and Public Participation in Policy-making.
Abelson, J. e. (2001). Deliberations about Deliberation: Issues in the Design and Evaluation of Public Consultation Processes. Hamilton: McMasters Universtity.